Measles is a highly infectious viral disease shown by several factors: very high temperature to 40°C, inflammation of all mucosa surfaces of mouth and respiratory tracts, conjunctivitis, rash and general intoxication of the organism. To catch measles is very easily if the person is not vaccinated; the probability of infection amounts 100%.
Measles is native of old times, long time it considered as an independent disease but in 1911 Goldberg and Endersen could define this disease having the virus cause and proved it. Then in 1954 scientific Enders and Peebles managed to allocate the measles originator, and in 1960 Smorodintsev A.A. developed a vaccine which after thoroughly being tested and began to apply it with success since 1967.
The infection is transmitted like ARVI and flu at contact, an airborne way, during conversation, sneezing or tussis. The virus is unstable in the environment but cases of its diffusion with incoming air of ventilating systems are known.
The patient is considered infectious till fourth day of rush emergence; from the fifth day the patient is considered to be not infectious. People who never had measles and have not been vaccinated against it weren’t remain potential victims of this disease; the probability of their being infected is rather high throughout all their life, and they can fell ill at any age, that is why it is very important to follow strictly the doctors’ prescriptions and in due time to do necessary vaccinations.